Assessment of Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior Related to Oral Hygiene Status among Selected Secondary School Students in Kasese District, Western Uganda

Main Article Content

Isaak Wavamunno
Adamu Almustapha Aliero
Alkali Bashir
Theophilus Pius
Collins Atuheire
Ibrahim Ntulume

Abstract

Aims: Good oral health is essential for the well-being of Human being. However lack of knowledge, guidance and poor oral hygiene practices may lead to poor oral hygiene and predispose one to oral health diseases. This study assessed oral health knowledge and behavior related to oral hygiene status among selected secondary school students in Kasese District, Western Uganda.

Study Design:  A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among students from selected secondary schools of Kasese District, Western Uganda. Stratified sampling technique was used to recruit 278 participants among students of the selected secondary schools.

Methodology: Data was collected using closed and open ended questionnaires. The dependent variable was based on the participant’s responses if he/she had any decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT). Bivariate analysis was used to compute crude odds ratios for predisposing factors. The significant variables were then included in the multivariate model to obtain adjusted odds ratios for risks factors associated with occurrence of DMFT.

Results: Out of 278 participants interviewed, 108 (38.8%), 95% CI= (0.3325-0.4468) students had DMFT. There was a statistical significant relationship between the level of the knowledge and behavior of the students and their oral health status. For the Students who had never visited a dentist (95% CI; 1.177-3.315, aOR = 1.975, p=0.010) and those who brushed their teeth once a week (95% CI; 1.226-31.161, aOR = 6.180, p=0.027) were found to be more at risk of developing DMFT.

Conclusion: Poor oral health hygiene among secondary school students was significantly associated with frequency of brushing teeth and failure to visit a dentist. There is need to increase oral health education in secondary schools in order to encourage students to visit dentists regularly as well as improving the frequency of brushing teeth as this will positively impact on oral health behaviors and status.

Keywords:
Oral health knowledge, Secondary students, oral hygiene

Article Details

How to Cite
Wavamunno, I., Aliero, A. A., Bashir, A., Pius, T., Atuheire, C., & Ntulume, I. (2019). Assessment of Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior Related to Oral Hygiene Status among Selected Secondary School Students in Kasese District, Western Uganda. International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry, 2(2), 1-12. Retrieved from http://journalijrrd.com/index.php/IJRRD/article/view/30101
Section
Original Research Article

References

Kutesa A, Kasangaki A, Nkamba M, Muwazi L, Okullo I, Rwenyonyi CM. Prevalence and factors associated with dental caries among children and adults in selected Districts in Uganda. African health Sciences. 2015;15(4):1302-7.

Kassebaum NJ, Smith AG, Bernabé E, Fleming TD, Reynolds AE, Vos T, Murray CJ, Marcenes W, GBD 2015 Oral Health Collaborators. Global, regional and national prevalence, incidence and disability-adjusted life years for oral conditions for 195 countries, 1990–2015: A systematic analysis for the global burden of diseases, injuries and risk factors. Journal of Dental Research. 2017;96(4): 380-387.

Glick M, Monteiro da Silva O, Seeberger GK, Xu T, Pucca G, Williams DM, Kess S, Eiselé JL, Séverin T. FDI V ision 2020: Shaping the future of oral health. International Dental Journal. 2012;62(6): 278-91.

Abid A, Maatouk F, Berrezouga L, Azodo C, Uti O, El-Shamy H, Oginni A. Prevalence and severity of oral diseases in the Africa and Middle East Region. Advances in Dental Research. 2015;27(1): 10-7.

Albino JE, Inglehart MR, Tedesco LA. Dental education and changing oral health care needs: Disparities and demands. Journal of Dental Education. 2012;76(1): 75-88.

Garay REV, Watt RG. Review and analysis of Chilean dental undergraduate education: Curriculum composition and profiles of first year dental students. Human Resources for Health. 2018; 16(1):48.

WHO. What is the burden of oral disease?: Oral disease burdens and common risk factors; 2018.
Available:www.who.int/oral_health/ disease_burden/global/en/
(Accessed 20/10/2018)

Serah N, Iii BDSL. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices among students in two secondary schools in Laikipia County. A Community Dentistry Research Project, University of Nairobi; 2010.

Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, Estupinan-Day S, Ndiaye C. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2005;83:661-9.

Mwangi SK. Relationship between knowledge and oral health and oral hygiene status among secondary school students in Maragua Distict. 2013;5–19.

Batwala V, Mulogo EM, Arubaku W. Oral health status of school children in Mbarara, Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2007;7(4):233–238.

Margaret Wandera, Twa-Twa J. Baseline survey of oral health of primary and secondary schools in Uganda. African Health Sciences. 2003;3(1):19-22.

UBOS. Statistical Abstract.
Available:https://www.ubos.org/wp –con-tent/uploads/.../03_20182017_Statistical_Abstract.pdf. Accessed. 08/10/2018

IRIN. Rebels attack IDPs camp in Gulu District; 2004.
Availableon:http://www.irinnews.org/report/49892/uganda-rebels-attack-idps-camp-gulu-district.
(Accessed on 20/07/2018)

Lorna CM. Oral health knowledge and practices of secondary schools in Tanga Tanzania. International Journal of Dentistry. 2011;45:22–34.

UMoH. National oral health policy. Produced by Ministry of health in collaboration with the World Health Organization; 2007.
Available:www.health.go.ug/content/national-oral-health-policy-0.
(Accessed 11/9/2018)

Emmanuel A, Chang'endo E. Oral health related behaviour, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs among secondary school students in Iringa municipality. Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' Journal. 2010; 17(1):24-30.

Mafuvadze BT, Mahachi L, Mafuvadze B. Dental caries and oral health practice among 12 year old school children from low socio-economic status background in Zimbabwe. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2013:14.

Bahannan SA, Eltelety SM, Hassan MH, Ibrahim SS, Amer HA, El Meligy OA, Al-Johani KA, Kayal RA, Mokeem AA, Qutob AF, Mira AI. Oral and Dental Health Status among Adolescents with Limited Access to Dental Care Services in Jeddah. Dentistry Journal. 2018;6(2):15.

Drachev SN, Brenn T, Trovik TA. Dental caries experience and determinants in young adults of the Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia: A cross-sectional study. BMC oral health. 2017;17(1):136.

Wang X, Shaffer JR, Weyant RJ, Cuenco KT, DeSensi RS, Crout R, McNeil DW, Marazita ML. Genes and their effects on dental caries may differ between primary and permanent dentitions. Caries Research. 2010;44(3):277-84.

Shaffer JR, Leslie EJ, Feingold E, Govil M, McNeil DW, Crout RJ, Weyant RJ, Marazita ML. Caries experience differs between females and males across age groups in Northern Appalachia. Inter-national Journal of Dentistry; 2015.

Ahmad MS, Jindal MK, Khan S, Hashmi SH. Oral health knowledge, practice, oral hygiene status and dental caries prevalence among visually impaired students in residential institute of Aligarh. Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene. 2009;1(2):022-6.

Vashisth S, Devi A. Oral hygiene practices among visually impaired school-going individuals in Bengaluru city, Karnataka, India. Journal of Cranio-Maxillary Diseases. 2015;14(1):39.

John JR, Daniel B, Paneerselvam D, Rajendran G. Prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene knowledge, status and practices among visually impaired individuals in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Dentistry; 2017.