International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/IJRRD/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Dentistry’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry en-US International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry Clinicopathological Spectrum of Glandular Odontogenic Cyst - Report of Three Cases <p>Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is rare locally aggressive lesion of jaw constituting 0.012% to 1.3% of all odontogenic cysts. It commonly occurs in mandible (70%) than maxilla (30%). It arises from rest of dental lamina. Cysts radiologically appear as unilocular or multilocular radiolucency with a well-defined corticated border which mimics dentigerous cyst and lateral periodontal cyst. Histopathologically intraepithelial microcysts, presence of hobnail cells, epithelial lining is of&nbsp; variable thickness with sometimes apocrine snouting are&nbsp; observed. Clinical and radiographic features are nonspecific, and to its similarities with other lesions, it can be misdiagnosed. Treatment modalities of GOC are curettage, enucleation or marsupialization depending on aggressiveness of lesion.</p> <p>In this case series three cases of GOC have been reported of which two are in mandible and one is in maxilla. Diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers which were strongly positive for CK19 and negative for CK 18.</p> Mandale Mandakini Deokar Varsha Bhavthankar Jyoti Humbe Jayanti Nandkhedkar Vaishali Wagh Savita ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 19 24 Benign Fibrous Histocytoma of Soft Tissue: A Case Report and Review of Literature <p>Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is a heterogenous group of mesenchymal tumors , composed of fibroblasts &amp; histiocytes. Most commonly occurs in fifth decade with male predilection . Most common site is on skin of extremities. Intraorally, BFHs are most common in soft tissues of buccal mucosa, gingiva, lips, soft palate &amp; floor of mouth. The objective of this case report&nbsp; to report a case of Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma in a 9 year old female patient, complaining of a painless swelling in the lower left back gum region for about six months. Considering unusual site of tumor as in this case, immunohistochemistry was performed to confirm for final diagnosis.</p> G. Humbe Jayanti U. Barge Pragati D. Bhavthankar Jyoti S. Mandale Mandakini A. Nandkhedkar Vaishali P. Wagh Savita ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-20 2022-05-20 37 43 An Ambiguous Case Report: Regional Odontodysplasia Affecting both Maxillary and Mandibular Arch <p>Regional Odontodyspasia is an unusual developmental disorder affecting both mesoderm and ectoderm dental components and affecting a localized dentition area. The estimated prevalence of this disease is less than 1 in 1000,000 in the general population. It affects both the primary and permanent dentition in either the maxillary, mandibular, or both arches. The etiology of ROD is still unknown. This case presented classical clinical and radiographic features of regional odontodysplasia in a 9-year aged boy with an atypical involvement of both the jaws, crossing the midline. In order to fully rehabilitate a patient affected by ROD, a multidisciplinary approach is required. This case was managed conservatively with temporary prosthetic restoration to restore the function and esthetics of the patient.</p> Sakshi Patel Sonal Gupta Shivam Gupta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 44 48 Non-invasive Management of Extra-oral Sinus with Radix-entomolaris: A Case Report <p>Endodontic failure is caused by a variety of factors such as improper mechanical debridement, bacteria persistence in the canals, poor obturation quality, under and overextension of the root canal filling, and coronal leakage. Clinically, the extraoral sinus tract of endodontic origin is confused with the cutaneous origin and sometimes it may get misdiagnosed. As a result, any cutaneous sinus tract involving the face or neck must be investigated for a dental cause. This case report describes the non-surgical management of an extra-oral sinus tract of odontogenic origin, which was the cause of long-standing endodontic failure.</p> V. Rajashekar Reddy Nisha Gupta Tanuja Prabahar Nagalakshmi Chowdhary ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 49 54 Basic Principles for Implant Supported Overdentures <p><strong>Aims:</strong> Implant supported overdentures combine the retention and support provided by implants with the advantages of removable prostheses and demand careful preoperative planning. The aim of the present article is to provide a clinically based rationale while designing or fabricating such a rehabilitation.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>In order to conduct this narrative review, evidence based research articles regarding implant supported overdentures published from January 1990 until December 2020 were searched via the MEDLINE (Pubmed) database. The keywords used were “overdentures”, “implant overdentures”, “implant supported overdentures”, implant retained overdentures”, “implant assisted overdentures”.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Implant supported overdentures have high success rates and compared to conventional ones they provide superior quality of life, well-being, satisfaction and adequate masticatory efficiency. Α crucial factor that should be determined preoperatively is the number and position of implants that need to be placed. Preoperative three-dimensional assessment is of utmost importance to avoid mistakes like the construction of bulky restorations or the absence of adequate material in crucial areas of the restoration with the subsequent acrylic tooth/connector detachment and aesthetic compromise. Selection of the appropriate retentive system depends on the number and the distribution of implants, the desired retention, the morphology of the ridge, the intermaxillary relation, the available prosthetic space, the vertical and horizontal dimensions, the patient’s needs and desires, the oral hygiene and the cost. Special care should be given to impression making procedures as well as framework design and fabrication. If the abovementioned are taken into account, subsequent complicatons are reduced. However, frequent maintenance appointments should be scheduled.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Several concerns arise when choosing an implant supported overdenture that mainly refer to the special characteristics defining its function. The key element is the careful preoperative planning of the restoration since it affects the long-term behavior of the prosthesis in terms of technical and biological complications and the frequency of the clinicians reinterventions.</p> D. Papalexopoulos T. K. Samartzi A. Pachiou K. Konstantopoulou P. Tsirogiannis N. Sykaras ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-04-16 2022-04-16 9 18 Free Gingival Graft in a Patient with Systemic Sclerosis: A Case Report <p>Scleroderma is a rare chronic connective tissue disorder with unknown etiology characterized by an excessive deposition of collagen in multi-organ systems. It can result in vascular anomalies, excess fibrosis, and autoimmune phenomenon. Patients with this condition can develop complex oral and periodontal manifestations requiring extreme care. Periodontal complications such as increased bone loss and gingival recessions are common in subjects with scleroderma. The oral management of a patient with gingival recessions using a free gingival graft (FGG) technique is presented in this case report.</p> Layal Bou Semaan Carole Chakar Gabriel Menassa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-04-15 2022-04-15 1 8 Smile Design in Pediatric Dentistry: A Case Series <p>The exquisite bother of fiercely mutilated deciduous anterior human teeth in the case of early childhood caries has always been a matter of interest to pediatric dentistry.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The objective of this case series was to illustrate the different posts and core build in severely damaged primary maxillary anterior teeth. So here we present<span style="text-decoration: line-through;">s</span> the case report series of three different post systems that is omega shaped post, prefabricated metal post, composite resin post followed by using varies esthetic crowns.</p> <p>Omega post performed better gluing of wire &amp; dentinal walls as they bond mechanically. If the adaptation of wire in between the internal walls is insufficient, then leads to expulsion and simultaneously immoderate masticatory forces cause radicular fracture of the tooth. The conventional prefabricated metal post is widely being used as it is low-cost, fast to use, easily available, not technique sensitive and simple. Because of their budding interference with physiologic resorption of the primary teeth it is not commonly used in pediatric dentistry.</p> <p>Composite resin post gives result of finish satisfactory esthetics<sup>,</sup> but has the property of owing to polymerization contraction.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The technique which we have recounted here gives a straightforward with manageable method for restoration of severely decayed primary anterior teeth that reinstate their uses, shapes, and aesthetics. The patients and their parents or guardians were urged to follow a healthy diet and maintain good cleanliness. They were also urged to come in for frequent check-ups at 6, 12, and 18-month intervals.</p> Menia Gumro Sonal Gupta Maadhukar Yadav Asmita Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-03 2022-05-03 25 31 Incision less Suture less Procedure in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis: A Case Report <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Periodontitis is an immune inflammatory disease of the supporting structures of the teeth. The treatment for periodontitis is primarily aimed at limiting the periodontal infection. Conventional treatment plan includes non – surgical or surgical periodontal therapy that has been proven to produce good results throughout the years. The Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure also known as LANAP conventionally employing the Nd:YAG (neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet) laser is a less invasive periodontal surgical procedure. The main aim of the LANAP protocol was the removal of the diseased and the necrotic tissues that are present within the periodontal sulcus.</p> <p><strong>Case Report:</strong> In this article we present a case of a 40-year-old male patient who reported to the department of periodontics with chronic periodontitis. After assessing the periodontal parameters scaling and root planing was done followed by laser treatment according to the LANAP protocol using the diode laser.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> At the end of 1 year there was significant reduction in the bleeding on probing. Also, there was a minimum of 2-3 mm reduction in the probing pocket depth and statistically significant improvement in the clinical attachment gain.</p> Nikethana Dhanabal Sanjay Venugopal R. Santhosh Kumar Pushpalatha Govindarajan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 32 36 The Application of Photothermal Therapy for the Treatment of Periimplantitis: A Literature Review <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The aim of this study is to review the existing literature and evaluate the clinical performance of the EmunDo technique.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The present study was designed as a literature review of the existing publications. The search strategy included an electronic search of studies published until February 2022 and a hand search by two different investigators. Search terms were a combination of the appropriate Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms and free-text words in simple or multiple conjunctions.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Of the 34 full-text articles examined, only 3 met all the inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. Photodynamic therapy with toluidine blue (630nm) and photothermal therapy (EmunDo) with infracyanine green resulted in similar rates of A. actinomycetemcomitans decrease while the use of Er:YAG laser resulted in the smallest reduction of the microbial population. No alteration on the surface of the implants was observed. The EmunDo protocol resulted in significant higher reduction of A. Actinomycetemcomitans, T. Forsythia, P. Gingivalis.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>EmunDo treatment protocol seems to have favorable results in the microbial reduction in cases of peri-implantitis, especially in the treatment of early stages. However, due to the limitations of the existing literature, further research is required for establishing the treatment protocol and exceeding the current restrictions.</p> Nanou Evaggelia Papalexopoulos Dimokritos Samartzi Theodora-Kalliopi Tsirogiannis Panagiotis Sykaras Nikitas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 55 59