A Digital Microscopic Evaluation of the Induction of Dentinal Micro-cracks after Canal Preparation with Rotary and Reciprocating NiTi Systems in vitro

Suliman Abdullah Alnujaidi *

Al Yamamah Hospital, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Shibu Thomas Mathew

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Riyadh Elm University, Saudi Arabia.

Mohammad Al-Omari

Restorative Dentistry Department, Riyadh Elm University, Saudi Arabia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aim of the Study: This study aims to assess the induction of dentinal microcracks by different NiTi systems and to compare rotary and reciprocating systems.

Methodology: Fifty teeth were selected and divided into five groups. Each group was instrumented according to the manufacturer's specifications and was performed by a single operator. The teeth were then sectioned and viewed under a digital microscope. The study aimed to compare the performance of four different instruments.

Results: No cracks were detected in the control group. The Hyflex EDM produced the highest number of cracks in 4mm (70%), and the highest number of cracks in total (43.3%). ProTaper Universal produced the least number of cracks (16.6%). WaveOne and WaveOne Gold both produced cracks (30%).

Conclusion: Within the limitation of this in vitro study, all the instruments produced microcracks. The Hyflex EDM produced higher cracks in the mid-root section. There was no significant difference in the incidence of microcracks between the four systems or between rotary and reciprocating systems.

Keywords: Dentinal microcracks, NiTi systems, reciprocating systems, Hyflex EDM

How to Cite

Alnujaidi , Suliman Abdullah, Shibu Thomas Mathew, and Mohammad Al-Omari. 2023. “A Digital Microscopic Evaluation of the Induction of Dentinal Micro-Cracks After Canal Preparation With Rotary and Reciprocating NiTi Systems in Vitro”. International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry 6 (2):124-31. https://journalijrrd.com/index.php/IJRRD/article/view/167.


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